With the advent of the Mojo journalist, several key negative ethical issues have arisen. Firstly with the new found speed to which a Mojo journalist can post there news brings problems also. The news world is extremely competitive so speed is paramount to beat the competition. What suffers?, fact checking does. With the technology so mobile and so small, many would have the inclination to be covert in recording discussions and filming without prior authority, after all, who is going to suspect a phone they are small and covert.
One way to destroy your career quickly would be to start filming in a private event where strictly no media are allowed. The temptation is to film and catch a public figure doing something they should not, but alas if it isn’t in a public place they have every right to come after you.
Then there is the case of Neda Agha Soltan, she was shot in Iran in 2009 and a mojo amateur journalist filed the whole thing and posted it on social media. It was then picked up by mass media and reported on widely. It could be argued that posting a video of a woman bleeding to death is in bad taste but equally so it could be said that doing so brings light to this issue that might not have been reported otherwise. These are the challenges that being ethical brings.
Burum, I., 2015. MOJO: the Mobile Journalism Handbook. 1st ed. Usa: Taylor & Francis Group
Social media has been revolutionary to the work of the Journalist. Before social media, the Journalist would have to hit the beat make calls and have contacts to even generate a story. Now, these things still exist but many stories start via social media and give the basis for further investigation.
Social media has become an important investigative and communication tool as well. Michael Bachelard interviewed asylum seekers in Indonesia and then kept in touch with them via social media to chart their plight for a story. Social media also breaks down the walls of control, no longer can companies or governments control their information in the way they could. It is a lot harder for stories to stay buried, a post on Facebook or maybe Twitter could be all it takes to expose corruption or illegality within an organisation. Often stories start with the citizen journalist reporting what they have seen or even taking video. This often happens in countries with locked down regimes stop the flow of information. The big news outlets take the citizen reports and repackage them for a wider audience, often they will take several citizen reports and cut them into one package.
Julia Haslanger. 2018. Day in the Life of a Social Media Coordinator: New York Post’s Delia Paunescu. [ONLINE] Available at: https://medium.com/social-journalism-101/day-in-the-life-of-a-social-media-coordinator-new-york-post-s-delia-paunescu-c7aaca8890de. [Accessed 27 September 2018].
Amanda Gearing. 2018. How social media is helping Australian journalists uncover stories hidden in plain sight. [ONLINE] Available at: https://theconversation.com/how-social-media-is-helping-australian-journalists-uncover-stories-hidden-in-plain-sight-65794. [Accessed 24 September 2018]
Michael Bachelard. 2018. Asylum seekers on the doorstep of United Nations office in Jakarta with nowhere to turn. [ONLINE] Available at: https://www.smh.com.au/world/asylum-seekers-on-the-doorstep-of-united-nations-office-in-jakarta-with-nowhere-to-turn-20141208-122d6q.html. [Accessed 24 September 2018]
As part of my transition, from editing news to a content creator, I have as part of my studies in Journalism created according2indiemusic.com.
Here I had to be a one man band. I wrote, voiced interviewed shot and designed the whole project. The project basically tells the story of Indie musicians, how they make a dollar sell their product and gives a bit of reality to what one needs to know to survive as a self managed artist.
The site has profiles on the 3 participants, Sophie Koh , Josh Voce and Georgia Fields as well as some recordings I made of them playing acoustically. It also has a podcast discussion about indie music and a news and radio package about the industry.
There is lots of media to watch and listen to and lots of things to click on.
I learned a lot from the experience and felt more confident as I did more interviewing. It was a real labour of love and I hope that comes through in the end product.
Facebook live has enabled Journalists to take the user or viewer beyond the story. When a news story breaks the Journalist can simply start a stream via Facebook and report instantly what is happening without delay. Where the medium really excels is the viewership and interactivity can then participate in the feed by asking questions of the journalist in the field. It allows the journalist to be expansive in his reporting rather than packaged and brief which happens in daily news packages.
News networks have adapted to Facebook live in differing ways, for instance, Sky news Australia stream live press conferences especially political ones. An example of this was the recent change of leadership of the Liberal party there were content full live unedited pressers and expanded streamed discussions via the platform.
The other important part of facebook live is the citizen journalist, where professional journalists can or won’t go a citizen can film and describe what is going on. An example of this was the shooting of Philando Castile. During a traffic stop a cop pulled a weapon, and shot him.His girlfriend streamed in on Facebook live. This led to a lot of healthy debate over racism against blacks by cops. Also led to the police officer being charged with manslaughter. My final point here the negatives. In this case, the facebook live only showed one context of the event happening, this can be a major drawback in presenting some kind of truth on the day there was dash cam footage as well of before the Facebook live stream started, which adds detail and context.
The later the girl friend posted a Facebook live video after the event. Giving voice to her skilled boyfriend. It could be argued her videos were journalism but then something interesting happened the networks took her content and packaged it into news packages. So the question arises are citizen journlists now the creators of journliam or are they the stories unto themselves.
Washington Post Mark Berman. 2018. What the police officer who shot Philando Castile said about the shooting. [ONLINE] Available at: https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/post-nation/wp/2017/06/21/what-the-police-officer-who-shot-philando-castile-said-about-the-shooting/?utm_term=.aa139dd65bf2. [Accessed 3 September 2018].
New York Daily news. (2017). Philando Castile’s Girlfriend ‘Emotional Address’ On Facebook Live stream. [Online Video]. 7 July 2016. Available from: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=If1DYFn2RzE&frags=pl%2Cwn. [Accessed: 3 September 2018].
Matt Dusenbury Medium. 2018. Matt Dusenbury. [ONLINE] Available at: https://medium.com/thoughts-on-journalism/how-facebook-live-is-changing-broadcast-journalism-16aa3b3321dd. [Accessed 3 September 2018].
ABC NEWS. (2018). Philando Castile Shooting Livestream Video [GRAPHIC CONTENT]. [Online Video]. 7 July 2016. Available from: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=p5Pt1nkw3Mk&w. [Accessed: 3 September 2018].